Subcreation: Fictional-World Construction from J.R.R. Tolkien to Terry Pratchett and Tad Williams - Stefanie Schult Summary
The doctorial thesis argues that the term Subcreation with its revised and broadened definition, in part differing from J.R.R. Tolkien's original term sub-creation, may be used for the discussion of the making of fictional worlds in literary discourse. The successful conception of a fictional world depends on the reader's willing suspension of disbelief. This depends both on the author and his skilled composition of the world and all its aspects, as well as on the reader's acceptance of this invented fictional world. The author needs to create a narrative with an inner consistency, which is crucial to achieving the effect of the reader's immersion in the fictional world. The fundamental aspects that an author needs to realize to achieve successful Subcreation have been structured into and analysed in four categories: Language and Linguistic Variation, Physiopoeia, Anthropoeia and Mythopoeia. Furthermore, this thesis shows that, as contemporary examples of fantastic literature, both Tad Williams's and Terry Pratchett's fictional worlds are successfully created through the realization of these aspects of Subcreation. Apart from commenting on the success of the subcreative process, this thesis also remarks upon the cultural influences both authors include in their writings. While both may be considered Anglophone in a general categorization, Pratchett's Discworld retains a feeling of 'Britishness' that is not to be found in Williams's Otherland. The thesis proposes several approaches to Subcreation that may be studied subsequently. So, for example, it may be possible to determine the success of an author's Subcreation by collecting empirical data. Apart from literary works this field of studies may also include other media.
The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction - Mark Bould,Andrew Butler,Adam Roberts,Sherryl Vint Summary
The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction is a comprehensive overview of the history and study of science fiction. It outlines major writers, movements, and texts in the genre, established critical approaches and areas for future study. Fifty-six entries by a team of renowned international contributors are divided into four parts which look, in turn, at: history – an integrated chronological narrative of the genre’s development theory – detailed accounts of major theoretical approaches including feminism, Marxism, psychoanalysis, cultural studies, postcolonialism, posthumanism and utopian studies issues and challenges – anticipates future directions for study in areas as diverse as science studies, music, design, environmentalism, ethics and alterity subgenres – a prismatic view of the genre, tracing themes and developments within specific subgenres. Bringing into dialogue the many perspectives on the genre The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction is essential reading for anyone interested in the history and the future of science fiction and the way it is taught and studied.
- Shannon Graff Hysell Summary
For the past three decades, ARBA has kept librarians up to date on the latest reference materials by providing high-quality, critical reviews. The 2007 edition of ARBA continues this great tradition by providing users with access to 1,600-plus reviews of both print and online resources, written by more than 400 academic, public, and school librarians who are experts in their field. With coverage of nearly 500 subject disciplines, ranging from the social sciences and humanities to science and technology, users are guaranteed to find information on the latest resources available in the areas they are most trying to expand their collection. With ARBA in hand, collection development librarians can manage their library's high standards of quality, and make the best use of their budget.
False Friends - Stephen Cain Summary
False Friends is the first full-length poetry collection from Stephen Cain in more than ten years. In it, he takes inspiration from the linguistic term "false friends"--two words from different languages that appear to be related, but have fundamentally different meanings. In this book are poems both humourous and unforgiving that Cain uses to explore errors, misapprehensions, and mistranslations and offer insights into the "secret operations" hiding within everyday language. These poems spin punk with pastoral, comic book with lyric, the misunderstood with the obvious. And at its core, False Friends is a thought-provoking investigation of the power of poetry as political dicourse. Praise for False Friends "In False Friends, Cain revels in a play of sound and meaning, bouncing his narrative as a pinball across the field of language." --rob mclennan's blog
Second Time Dead - Stephen Cain Summary
Eight highly trained but retired SAS members find their skills in demand worldwide. Their team leader Jonnie McBride lives in Thailand where he is contacted by billionaire Vanessa Stock, whose twin sister has been kidnapped by a human slave trader. The high octane story takes its reader on a journey of power, wealth, lust and murder from America to England, Oman to Cyprus and Turkey in order to kill the man that Jonnie McBride thought was already dead.
I Can Say Interpellation - Stephen Cain Summary
Weary of saccharine stories and tired themes when reading poetry for children? Angered at seeing your children indoctrinated into adhering to patriarchy, neoliberal capitalism, and general compliance with authority each time they open a book of verse? I Can Say Interpellation remedies these problems by reconfiguring some of the best-known children's rhymes for political purpose. Taking French theorist Guy Debord's idea of detournement (a deflection or divergence of existing visual images and mass media), and applying it to children's poetry, experimental poet Stephen Cain redeploys the rhymes and images of well-known juvenile poems against their dominant messages. The result is a new poetic landscape where the Fox in Socks becomes Marx on a Box, where "Goodnight Moon" is a meditation on possible nuclear annihilation, and "The Owl and the Pussycat" features debates on the importance of pre-emptive military strikes to U.S. foreign policy. Humorous, yet politically insightful, I Can Say Interpellation is for very smart kidsÑand for adults who want to keep them that way.
Bp: Beginnings - B. P. Nichol,Stephen Cain Summary
Poetry. Edited by Stephen Cain. While bpNichol (1944-1988) has attained iconic status in Canadian literature in recent years, particularly through his lifelong poem THE MARTYROLOGY, and his work in visual and sound poetry, there are numerous early "fugitive" sequences that are often referred to in critical studies, but are long out of print and only available in library special collections or in the hands of rare book collectors. BP: BEGINNINGS brings together these pre-Martyrology materials in one comprehensive collection, including such key texts as Nichol's first chapbooks Beach Head and Cycles Etc., the minimal lyric sequences The Other Side of the Room and The Journeying and the Returns, and various concrete and sound-texts such as Lament, The Year of the Frog and Ballads of the Restless Are. These collected sequences show nichol developing his talents in both visual poetry and lyricism, pointing the way towards the union of the two forms in the later MARTYROLOGY. Combined with THE CAPTAIN POETRY POEMS COMPLETE (published by BookThug in 2011), BP: BEGINNINGS now makes all of Nichol's major poetry sequences available to both the avid nichol specialists and to aficionados of innovative poetry everywhere.
The Encyclopedia of Fantasy - John Clute,John Grant Summary
This is the first comprehensive encyclopedia of the fantasy field. It has proved to be the definitive guide to the genre, offering an exciting new analysis of this highly diverse and hugely popular sphere of literature, from precursors such as Shakespeare and Dante, through Lewis Carroll, George MacDonald and L. Frank Baum to J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis and their modern successors, like Ursula Le Guin and Stephen R. Donaldson. With over 4,000 entries, and more than 1 million words, it covers every aspect of fantasy - in literature, films, television, opera, art and comics. Written and compiled by a team of editors with unparalleled collective experience in the field, it is an invaluable reference work not only for fans of the fantasy genre, but also for anyone interested in how elements of the fantastic are used in the imaginative arts.
Antiphonies - Nate Dorward Summary
Cultural Writing. Literary Criticism. ANTIPHONIES is a primer on some of the most exciting work in contemporary Canadian poetry. These essays discuss a wide range of work, from books already acclaimed as modern classics--such as Erin Moure's O Cidadan, Lisa Robertson's DEBBIE: AN EPIC, and Karen MacCormack's IMPLEXURES--to the equally remarkable work of Susan Clark, Catriona Strang, Lissa Wolsak, Christine Stewart, Deanna Ferguson, Lise Downe, Nancy Shaw, a. rawlings, Marie Annharte Baker and others. The essays are complemented by brief selections of poems and poetics statements.
Building Imaginary Worlds - Mark J.P. Wolf Summary
Mark J.P. Wolf’s study of imaginary worlds theorizes world-building within and across media, including literature, comics, film, radio, television, board games, video games, the Internet, and more. Building Imaginary Worlds departs from prior approaches to imaginary worlds that focused mainly on narrative, medium, or genre, and instead considers imaginary worlds as dynamic entities in and of themselves. Wolf argues that imaginary worlds—which are often transnarrative, transmedial, and transauthorial in nature—are compelling objects of inquiry for Media Studies. Chapters touch on: a theoretical analysis of how world-building extends beyond storytelling, the engagement of the audience, and the way worlds are conceptualized and experienced a history of imaginary worlds that follows their development over three millennia from the fictional islands of Homer’s Odyssey to the present internarrative theory examining how narratives set in the same world can interact and relate to one another an examination of transmedial growth and adaptation, and what happens when worlds make the jump between media an analysis of the transauthorial nature of imaginary worlds, the resulting concentric circles of authorship, and related topics of canonicity, participatory worlds, and subcreation’s relationship with divine Creation Building Imaginary Worlds also provides the scholar of imaginary worlds with a glossary of terms and a detailed timeline that spans three millennia and more than 1,400 imaginary worlds, listing their names, creators, and the works in which they first appeared.