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Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World

Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World Pdf/ePub eBook


Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World - Jack Weatherford Summary

New York Times Bestseller • The startling true history of how one extraordinary man from a remote cornerof the world created an empire that led the world into the modern age. The Mongol army led by Genghis Khan subjugated more lands and people in twenty-five years than the Romans did in four hundred. In nearly every country the Mongols conquered, they brought an unprecedented rise in cultural communication, expanded trade, and a blossoming of civilization. Vastly more progressive than his European or Asian counterparts, Genghis Khan abolished torture, granted universal religious freedom, and smashed feudal systems of aristocratic privilege. From the story of his rise through the tribal culture to the explosion of civilization that the Mongol Empire unleashed, this brilliant work of revisionist history is nothing less than the epic story of how the modern world was made.

Summary of Jack Weatherford’s Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World by Milkyway Media

Summary of Jack Weatherford’s Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World by Milkyway Media Pdf/ePub eBook


Summary of Jack Weatherford’s Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World by Milkyway Media - Milkyway Media Summary

Jack Weatherford’s book Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World (2005) offers a reconsideration of the historical legacy of the famed twelfth-century ruler Genghis Khan. Weatherford complements oversimplified caricatures that represent the Mongolian warlord as little more than a barbarian… Purchase this in-depth summary to learn more.

Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World

Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World Pdf/ePub eBook


Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World - Jack McIver Weatherford Summary

The Mongol army led by Genghis Khan subjugated more lands and people in twenty-five years than the Romans did in four hundred. In nearly every country the Mongols conquered, they brought an unprecedented rise in cultural communication, expanded trade, and a blossoming of civilization. Vastly more progressive than his European or Asian counterparts, Genghis Khan abolished torture, granted universal religious freedom, and smashed feudal systems of aristocratic privilege. From the story of his rise through the tribal culture to the explosion of civilization that the Mongol Empire unleashed, this brilliant work of revisionist history is nothing less than the epic story of how the modern world was made. From Publishers Weekly Apart from its inapt title, Genghis Khan dies rather early on in this account and many of the battles are led by his numerous offspring. This book is a successful account of the century of turmoil brought to the world by a then little-known nation of itinerant hunters. In researching this book, Weatherford (Savages and Civilization), a professor of anthropology at Macalaster College, traveled thousands of miles, many on horseback, tracing Genghis Khan's steps into places unseen by Westerners since the khan's death and employing what he calls an "archeology of movement." Weatherford knows the story of the medieval Mongol conquests is gripping enough not to need superfluous embellishmentsâ€"the personalities and the wars they waged provide plenty of color and suspense. In just 25 years, in a manner that inspired the blitzkrieg, the Mongols conquered more lands and people than the Romans had in over 400 years. Without pausing for too many digressions, Weatherford's brisk description of the Mongol military campaign and its revolutionary aspects analyzes the rout of imperial China, a siege of Baghdad and the razing of numerous European castles. On a smaller scale, Weatherford also devotes much attention to dismantling our notions of Genghis Khan as a brute. By his telling, the great general was a secular but faithful Christian, a progressive free trader, a regretful failed parent and a loving if polygamous husband. With appreciative descriptions of the sometimes tender tyrant, this chronicle supplies just enough personal and world history to satisfy any reader. Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. From School Library Journal Adult/High School–An interesting, thought-provoking account of the conqueror's life and legacy. From his early years as the son of a widow abandoned by her clan, he showed remarkable ability as a charismatic leader and unifier. In 25 years, his army amassed a greater empire than the Romans had been able to achieve in 400. Whether judged on population or land area, it was twice as large as that of any other individual in history. This colorful retelling discusses many of the innovations that marked Khan's rule and contributed to his success. Although his name is now erroneously associated with terror and slaughter, he showed surprising restraint during a time when few others in power did. He allowed freedom of religion, encouraged free trade, developed a paper currency, and observed diplomatic immunity. As he encountered new cultures, he adopted or adapted their best practices, and constantly updated his military strategies. Although Khan's death occurs at the midpoint of this book, the tales of his survivors' exploits and the gradual fall of the Mongol dynasties are engaging and informative. Weatherford's efforts to credit Genghis Khan and his descendants with the ideas and innovations that created the Renaissance are a bit bewildering, but readers will be left with a new appreciation of a maligned culture, and a desire to learn more.–Kathy Tewell, Chantilly Regional Library, VA Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. From Booklist When the Mongols, led by Genghis Khan, exploded out of the central Asian steppes in the early thirteenth century, they began the acquisition of the largest land empire in history. Eventually, the Mongol Empire extended from the Pacific to the Mediterranean and from northern Siberia to Southeast Asia. Yet the West focuses primarily on Mongol savagery. In his revisionist history of the empire, anthropology professor Weatherford uses the so-called Secret History, a long-suppressed Mongol text, to balance the scales. He certainly makes some telling points. The Mongols unified disparate lands, maintained and even expanded east-west trade routes, and made possible eventual contact between Europe and East Asia. Although Mongol rulers were not innovators, Weatherford convincingly asserts that, like the Romans, they effectively used the talents of their subject peoples. Unfortunately, Weatherford is prone to exaggeration. He too easily accepts unverifiable legends as facts, and he gives the Mongols unwarranted credit for fostering the European Enlightenment. Still, this is a well-written and usually credible work that provides a necessary reassessment of the legacy of this vast empire. Jay Freeman Copyright © American Library Association. All rights reserved --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. Review "There is very little time for reading in my new job. But of the few books I've read, my favourite is Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World by Jack Weatherford (Crown Publishers, New York). It's a fascinating book portraying Genghis Khan in a totally new light. It shows that he was a great secular leader, among other things." —Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India “Reads like the Iliad. . . Part travelogue, part epic narrative.” —Washington Post “It’s hard to think of anyone else who rose from such inauspicious beginnings to something so awesome, except maybe Jesus.” —Harper’s “Weatherford’s lively analysis restores the Mongol’s reputation, and it takes wonderful learned detours. . . . Well written and full of suprises.” —Kirkus Reviews “Weatherford is a fantastic storyteller. . . . [His] portrait of Khan is drawn with sufficiently self-complicating depth. . . . Weatherford’s account gives a generous view of the Mongol conqueror at his best and worst.” —Minneapolis Star Tribune From the Inside Flap The name Genghis Khan often conjures the image of a relentless, bloodthirsty barbarian on horseback leading a ruthless band of nomadic warriors in the looting of the civilized world. But the surprising truth is that Genghis Khan was a visionary leader whose conquests joined backward Europe with the flourishing cultures of Asia to trigger a global awakening, an unprecedented explosion of technologies, trade, and ideas. In Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, Jack Weatherford, the only Western scholar ever to be allowed into the Mongols? ?Great Taboo??Genghis Khan?s homeland and forbidden burial site?tracks the astonishing story of Genghis Khan and his descendants, and their conquest and transformation of the world. Fighting his way to power on the remote steppes of Mongolia, Genghis Khan developed revolutionary military strategies and weaponry that emphasized rapid attack and siege warfare, which he then brilliantly used to overwhelm opposing armies in Asia, break the back of the Islamic world, and render the armored knights of Europe obsolete. Under Genghis Khan, the Mongol army never numbered more than 100,000 warriors, yet it subjugated more lands and people in twenty-five years than the Romans conquered in four hundred. With an empire that stretched from Siberia to India, from Vietnam to Hungary, and from Korea to the Balkans, the Mongols dramatically redrew the map of the globe, connecting disparate kingdoms into a new world order. But contrary to popular wisdom, Weatherford reveals that the Mongols were not just masters of conquest, but possessed a genius for progressive and benevolent rule. On every level and from any perspective, the scale and scope of Genghis Khan?s accomplishments challenge the limits of imagination. Genghis Khan was an innovative leader, the first ruler in many conquered countries to put the power of law above his own power, encourage religious freedom, create public schools, grant diplomatic immunity, abolish torture, and institute free trade. The trade routes he created became lucrative pathways for commerce, but also for ideas, technologies, and expertise that transformed the way people lived. The Mongols introduced the first international paper currency and postal system and developed and spread revolutionary technologies like printing, the cannon, compass, and abacus. They took local foods and products like lemons, carrots, noodles, tea, rugs, playing cards, and pants and turned them into staples of life around the world. The Mongols were the architects of a new way of life at a pivotal time in history. In Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World, Jack Weatherford resurrects the true history of Genghis Khan, from the story of his relentless rise through Mongol tribal culture to the waging of his devastatingly successful wars and the explosion of civilization that the Mongol Empire unleashed. This dazzling work of revisionist history doesn?t just paint an unprecedented portrait of a great leader and his legacy, but challenges us to reconsider how the modern world was made. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

Genghis Khan and the Quest for God

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Genghis Khan and the Quest for God - Jack Weatherford Summary

A landmark biography by the New York Times bestselling author of Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World that reveals how Genghis harnessed the power of religion to rule the largest empire the world has ever known. Throughout history the world's greatest conquerors have made their mark not just on the battlefield, but in the societies they have transformed. Genghis Khan conquered by arms and bravery, but he ruled by commerce and religion. He created the world's greatest trading network and drastically lowered taxes for merchants, but he knew that if his empire was going to last, he would need something stronger and more binding than trade. He needed religion. And so, unlike the Christian, Taoist and Muslim conquerors who came before him, he gave his subjects freedom of religion. Genghis lived in the 13th century, but he struggled with many of the same problems we face today: How should one balance religious freedom with the need to reign in fanatics? Can one compel rival religions - driven by deep seated hatred--to live together in peace? A celebrated anthropologist whose bestselling Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World radically transformed our understanding of the Mongols and their legacy, Jack Weatherford has spent eighteen years exploring areas of Mongolia closed until the fall of the Soviet Union and researching The Secret History of the Mongols, an astonishing document written in code that was only recently discovered. He pored through archives and found groundbreaking evidence of Genghis's influence on the founding fathers and his essential impact on Thomas Jefferson. Genghis Khan and the Quest for God is a masterpiece of erudition and insight, his most personal and resonant work. From the Hardcover edition.

The Secret History of the Mongol Queens

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The Secret History of the Mongol Queens - Jack Weatherford Summary

The Mongol queens of the thirteenth century ruled the largest empire the world has ever known. Yet sometime near the end of the century, censors cut their story from The Secret History of the Mongols, leaving only a hint of a father’s legacy for his daughters. The queens of the Silk Route turned their father’s conquests into the world’s first truly international empire, fostering trade, education, and religion throughout their territories and creating an economic system that stretched from the Pacific to the Mediterranean. Outlandish stories of these powerful queens trickled out of the Empire, shocking the citizens of Europe and and the Islamic world. After Genghis Khan’s death in 1227, conflicts erupted between his daughters and his daughters-in-law; what began as a war between powerful women soon became a war against women in power as brother turned against sister and son against mother. At the end of this epic struggle, the dynasty of the Mongol queens had seemingly been extinguished forever, as even their names were erased from the historical record. Two centuries later, one of the most unusual and important warrior queens of history--Queen Mandhuhai--arose to avenge the wrongs, rescue the tattered shreds of the Mongol Empire, and restore order to a shattered world. She led her soldiers through victory after victory. In her thirties she married a seventeen-year-old prince, and she bore eight children in the midst of a career spent fighting the Ming Dynasty of China on one side and a series of Muslim warlords on the other. Her unprecedented success on the battlefield provoked the Chinese into the most frantic and expensive phase of wall building in history. Charging into battle even while pregnant, she fought to reassemble the Mongol Nation of Genghis Khan and to preserve it for her own children to rule in peace. Despite their mystery and the efforts to erase them from our collective memory, the deeds of these Mongol queens inspired great artists from Chaucer and Milton to Goethe and Puccini. And so their stories live on today. With The Secret History of the Mongol Queens, Jack Weatherford restores the queens’ missing chapter to the annals of history. From the Hardcover edition.

Le Totem du loup

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Le Totem du loup - Jiang Rong Summary

"Pendant la Révolution culturelle, les « jeunes instruits » sont exilés à la campagne, et Chen Zhen découvre les steppes de la Mongolie intérieure. Guidé par le vieux chasseur Bilig, il est fasciné par ce monde rude et libre que se partagent les hommes et les loups. Chen Zhen est l'un des derniers à contempler cette vie pastorale avant que la modernité et le totalitarisme n’entraînent sa disparition. Il tente d'en préserver le souvenir et les valeurs. Le Totem du Loup est le roman le plus vendu de l'histoire de la Chine moderne. Humaniste, écologiste, rebelle, cette œuvre autobiographique est passée entre les mailles de la censure. Elle témoigne de la fin du mythe du progrès et questionne les fondements de toute civilisation."

La semaine de 4 heures

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La semaine de 4 heures - Timothy Ferriss Summary

Vous rêvez d'échapper à la routine du métro-boulot-dodo, de gagner de l'argent sans vous épuiser à la tâche, ou tout simplement de vivre mieux en travaillant moins ? Alors, voici ce que vous apprendra ce livre : • comment vous organiser pour gagner en un mois, à raison de 4 heures par semaine, le salaire que vous gagnez jusqu’à présent en un an ; • comment rejoindre les Nouveaux Bienheureux, qui réalisent leurs rêves et jouissent de la vie sans attendre une hypothétique retraite. Plus de bon temps, plus d’argent, plus de mobilité : ce livre est un véritable manifeste pour un changement radical de mode de vie. La recette de Timothy Ferriss est fondée sur sa propre expérience. Il vous démontrera qu’il est possible de diviser par deux sa masse de travail en identifiant les tâches essentielles et les plus rentables, d’utiliser l’assistanat à distance pour mettre en place un « management par l’absence », de cultiver l’ignorance sélective grâce à une diète d’informations... et ceci dans un unique but : mener une belle carrière d’entrepreneur en travaillant seulement 4 heures par semaine ! Cette nouvelle édition contient les témoignages de lecteurs qui ont doublé leurs revenus, délégué la plus grande partie de leurs tâches et réinventé leur vie après avoir lu ce livre. Vous y trouverez des procédures types pour vous libérer de votre dépendance aux mails, apprendre à négocier avec vos clients difficiles, ou rédiger une proposition de télétravail à l’attention de votre patron... Ainsi que les dernières astuces de Timothy Ferriss pour vivre comme un diplomate ou un millionnaire, sans être ni l’un ni l’autre !

The History of Money

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The History of Money - Jack Weatherford Summary

In his most widely appealing book yet, one of today's leading authors of popular anthropology looks at the intriguing history and peculiar nature of money, tracing our relationship with it from the time when primitive men exchanged cowrie shells to the imminent arrival of the all-purpose electronic cash card. 320 pp. Author tour. National radio publicity. 25,000 print. From the Hardcover edition.

Genghis Khan

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Genghis Khan - Cameron White Summary

It is rare for an individual in history to have successfully made such a mark on their world that people are still talking about them centuries after their death. When you consider the number of people that have existed throughout the millennia that have wielded some kind of power, it takes a remarkable individual to stand out from the crowd. Nevertheless, one such individual did manage to achieve this near-impossible feat of attaining everlasting fame: Genghis Khan. This single person from the relative confines of Mongolia is credited with creating one of the most feared empires that ever existed. When you learn more about his story, the very fact that he achieved so much becomes even more remarkable than you may have at first thought. Genghis Khan was a leader that was ruthless in his aims and ambitions, a man who thought nothing of destroying everything in his path. His reputation of extreme brutality sent villagers running from their homes when they got even a hint that Genghis Khan was coming their way. But is that the entire story? Was he as bad as history has made him out to be? This was an individual who established an empire that survived for more than a century after his demise, and it did so to such an extent that it was the longest continual empire to have ever been created in the history of the world. A wonderful battlefield commander, a prime tactician, he had a need to conquer the world that shaped this man into a fearless leader that would ultimately go on to shape what we now know as the modern world. In his book entitled Genghis Khan: The Ruthless Legacy, Great Mongol Empire, and the Making of the Modern World author Cameron White deeply chronicles how Genghis Khan with fierce determination was able to rise from the ashes of the devastation of his early years to become one of the most remarkable and ruthless leaders of all time.

Indian Givers

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Indian Givers - Jack Weatherford Summary

"As entertaining as it is thoughtful....Few contemporary writers have Weatherford's talent for making the deep sweep of history seem vital and immediate." THE WASHINGTON POST After 500 years, the world's huge debt to the wisdom of the Indians of the Americas has finally been explored in all its vivid drama by anthropologist Jack Weatherford. He traces the crucial contributions made by the Indians to our federal system of government, our democratic institutions, modern medicine, agriculture, architecture, and ecology, and in this astonishing, ground-breaking book takes a giant step toward recovering a true American history. From the Trade Paperback edition.

L'obsession du service client

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L'obsession du service client - Jonathan Lefèvre Summary

Quelle image avez-vous des services clients ? Probablement rien d’assez élogieux pour mériter la surenchère commerciale d’une quatrième de couverture. Entre scripts déshumanisés, musiques d’attente, délocalisations et transferts d’appels, les services clients nous ont tous déjà fait vivre des expériences frustrantes (pour rester poli). On comprend mal comment les entreprises s’en préoccupent si peu. Pourtant, une autre voie existe. Certains ont fait du service client leur raison d’être, leur obsession. Au lieu de le voir comme un poste de dépenses, ils en ont fait la recette de leur succès. Je n’aurais pas cru ça possible jusqu’à l’expérimenter moi-même chez Capitaine Train. En allant à contre-courant des idées reçues sur le service client, nous avons transformé ce sujet dévalorisé en un solide levier de croissance. Laissez-moi vous raconter comment.

SPQR. Histoire de l'ancienne Rome.

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SPQR. Histoire de l'ancienne Rome. - Mary BEARD Summary

Véritable phénomène : LA synthèse qui révise l'histoire de Rome, de sa fondation à sa chute, par une immense historienne anglaise. L'ancienne Rome continue de soutenir l'édifice de la culture occidentale, de façonner notre vision du monde et la place que nous y occupons. Mais comment et pourquoi ce qui n'était qu'un village insignifiant dans le centre de l'Italie a-t-il pu devenir une puissance à ce point dominante, exerçant son autorité sur un vaste territoire déployé à travers trois continents et façonnant nombre de nos concepts fondamentaux sur le pouvoir, la citoyenneté, la guerre, l'empire, le luxe ou la beauté ? Pour y répondre, Mary Beard retrace mille ans d'histoire de l'Urbs, du mythe fondateur de Romulus et Remus à l'édit de l'empereur Caracalla offrant la citoyenneté romaine à tous les habitants libres de l'empire (IIIe siècle). Ce faisant, l'auteur conteste les perspectives historiques confortables, refusant l'admiration simpliste ou la condamnation systématique. Elle montre que l'histoire romaine, loin d'être figée dans le marbre, est constamment révisée en fonction de nouvelles connaissances. Rome ne fut pas, par exemple, le petit frère violent de la Grèce, féru d'efficacité militaire, là où son aînée aurait au contraire privilégié la recherche intellectuelle. De célèbres personnages – Cicéron, César, Cléopâtre, Auguste et Néron – prennent ainsi une tout autre couleur, tandis que les acteurs négligés dans les histoires traditionnelles – les femmes, les esclaves et affranchis, les conspirateurs et, globalement, ceux qui ne sont pas du côté des vainqueurs – retrouvent leur place dans l'éblouissante aventure romaine. SPQR – Senatus PopulusQue Romanus – est l'abréviation qu'utilisent les Romains pour désigner leur État. À travers ce livre exceptionnel, ponctué par une centaine d'illustrations, le Sénat et le Peuple de Rome reprennent vie.

Savages and Civilization

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Savages and Civilization - Jack Weatherford Summary

In Indian Givers and Native Roots, renowned anthropologist Jack Weatherford opened the eyes of tens of thousands of readers to the clash between Native American and European cultures. Now, in his brilliant new book, Weatherford broadens his focus to examine how civilization threatens to obliterate unique tribal and ethnic cultures around the world -- and in the process imperils its own existence. As Weatherford explains, the relationship between "civilized" and "savage" peoples through history has encompassed not only violence, but also a surprising degree of cooperation, mutual influence, trade, and intermarriage. But this relationship has now entered a critical stage everywhere in the world, as indigenous peoples fiercely resist the onslaught of a global civilization that will obliterate their identities. Savages and Civilization powerfully demonstrates that our survival as a species is based not on a choice between savages and civilization, but rather on a commitment to their vital coexistence.

Native Roots

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Native Roots - Jack Weatherford Summary

"Well written, imagery-ridden...A tale of what was, what became, and what is today regarding the Indian relation to the European civilization that 'grafted' itself onto this ancient system.'" MINNEAPOLIS STAR TRIBUNE Conventional American history holds that the white settlers of the New World re-created the societies they had known in England, France, and Spain. But as anthropologist Jack Weatherford, author of INDIAN GIVERS, brilliantly shows, the Europeans actually grafted their civilization onto the deep and nourishing roots of Native American customs and beliefs. Our place names, our farming and hunting techniques, our crafts, the very blood that flows in our veins--all derive from American Indians ways that we consistently fail to see. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Le devisement du monde

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Le devisement du monde - Marco Polo,Thomas Tanase Summary

Si le nom de Marco Polo est universellement connu, on sait moins que Le devisement du monde – tel est le titre original de l’œuvre présentant ses voyages –, autrement dit « la description du monde » est le fruit d’une collaboration entre le célèbre voyageur vénitien et un écrivain de métier, Rustichello da Pisa, qui avait choisi le français comme langue d’écriture, à l’instar de nombre d’écrivains italiens de son temps. L’œuvre a connu rapidement le succès, elle a été adaptée ou traduite en plusieurs langues, de sorte qu’elle nous a été transmise dans diverses « versions » ou « rédactions », française, toscanes, vénitiennes, latines, catalane, franco-italienne. C’est cette dernière, souvent considérée comme la rédaction de référence et la plus proche de l’original, que propose le présent ouvrage, pour la première fois sous la forme d’une édition bilingue, édition critique du seul manuscrit sous lequel elle nous est parvenue (BN fr. 1116), traduction en français contemporain. On découvre une langue déroutante et chatoyante, un français coloré de nombreux italianismes. Cet ouvrage bénéficie d’une traduction fidèle et élégante, d’une introduction et de notes substantielles. ,

La Revanche de la géographie

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La Revanche de la géographie - Robert D. Kaplan Summary

"A l’ère du transport aérien de masse et des nouvelles technologies de communication, de nombreux analystes politiques et économiques estiment que le monde est désormais « plat », qu’il est en passe de devenir un espace commun où les nations auront tendance, progressivement, à s’effacer. Appuyé sur sa longue expérience et sur ses voyages, le plus souvent à pied, dans quasiment tous les pays, Robert Kaplan propose ici une lecture du monde plus pragmatique. Il reprend les principales études des grands géographes pour expliquer les moments charnières de l’Histoire dans chaque aire civilisationnelle et s’en sert pour dévoiler les rivalités structurelles, les aspirations profondes et continues des nations. Rejoignant la célèbre phrase de Napoléon, « La politique d’un état est dans sa géographie », il anticipe les grandes lignes d’un prochain cycle de conflits, qui se concentreront selon lui entre les grandes plaines d’Europe de l’Est et les carrefours vitaux de l’Asie du Sud-Est. Robert D. Kaplan a été correspondant de presse dans le monde entier, professeur à l’Académie Navale d’Annapolis et enfin membre du Conseil de Défense des Etats-Unis de 2009 à 2011. La CIA et le Pentagone le consultent régulièrement.

On the Trail of Genghis Khan

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On the Trail of Genghis Khan - Tim Cope Summary

The relationship between man and horse on the Eurasian steppe gave rise to a succession of rich nomadic cultures. Among them were the Mongols of the thirteenth century – a small tribe, which, under the charismatic leadership of Genghis Khan, created the largest contiguous land empire in history. Inspired by the extraordinary life nomads still lead today, Tim Cope embarked on a journey that hadn't been successfully completed since those times: to travel on horseback across the entire length of the Eurasian steppe, from Karakorum, the ancient capital of Mongolia, through Kazakhstan, Russia, Crimea and the Ukraine to the Danube River in Hungary. From horse-riding novice to travelling three years and 10,000 kilometres on horseback, accompanied by his dog Tigon, Tim learnt to fend off wolves and would-be horse-thieves, and grapple with the extremes of the steppe as he crossed sub-zero plateaux, the scorching deserts of Kazakhstan and the high-mountain passes of the Carpathians. Along the way, he was taken in by people who taught him the traditional ways and told him their recent history: Stalin's push for industrialisation brought calamity to the steepe and forced collectivism that in Kazakhstan alone led to the loss of several million livestock and the starvation of more than a million nomads. Today Cope bears witness to how the traditional ways hang precariously in the balance in the post-Soviet world.

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