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The Novels and Tales of Mrs. Gaskell: Mary Barton. [1935

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The Novels and Tales of Mrs. Gaskell: Mary Barton. [1935 - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

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Elizabeth Gaskell: 'Mary Barton'

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Elizabeth Gaskell: 'Mary Barton' - Richard Gravil Summary

Gravil shows Mary Barton to be a much more conflicted novel than it is usually thought to be, takes issue with patronizing accounts of Gaskell’s views, and promotes her as an author whose grasp of the political and economic issues of the period runs deeper than is usually acknowledged. The Book considers what it meant to be a Unitarian in the hungry forties, what Gaskell understood of Chartism and ‘political economy’; and attitudes to women’s rights. It discusses the many ambiguities and instabilities in the book – suggesting where the reader may need to take issue with some of the standard critical assumptions about Gaskell’s text, and considers how she might be compared to Dickens – and what Dickens learned from her.And it discusses some contemporary (i.e. Victorian) and recent critical approaches to the book. The aim is to leave the reader with a great deal of respect for a novel that is sometimes underestimated – while pointing out some of its real departures from the best practice of Realist writers, practices that Mrs Gaskell herself did much to invent.

Mary Barton

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Mary Barton - Elizabeth Gaskell Summary

The first novel by English writer Elizabeth Gaskell, Mary Barton was published in 1848. It tells of the plight of the lower class in Manchester during the 1830s and 1840s. Contrasting the gap between rich and poor, the first half of the novel tells of the humble lives of the Barton and Wilson families, the extreme poverty of the Davenports and the luxurious life of the Carsons. Symbolically, John Barton receives five shillings for selling most of his worldly possessions; Henry Carson has this as loose change in his pocket. The second half of the novel comes to grips with a plot to murder.

Mary Barton [by E.C. Gaskell].

Mary Barton [by E.C. Gaskell]. Pdf/ePub eBook

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Mary Barton [by E.C. Gaskell]. - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

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Mary Barton

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Mary Barton - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

Three years ago I became anxious (from circumstances that need not be more fully alluded to) to employ myself in writing a work of fiction. Living in Manchester, but with a deep relish and fond admiration for the country, my first thought was to find a frame-work for my story in some rural scene; and I had already made a little progress in a tale, the period of which was more than a century ago, and the place on the borders of Yorkshire, when I bethought me how deep might be the romance in the lives of some of those who elbowed me daily in the busy streets of the town in which I resided. I had always felt a deep sympathy with the care-worn men, who looked as if doomed to struggle through their lives in strange alternations between work and want; tossed to and fro by circumstances, apparently in even a greater degree than other men. A little manifestation of this sympathy, and a little attention to the expression of feelings on the part of some of the work-people with whom I was acquainted, had laid open to me the hearts of one or two of the more thoughtful among them; I saw that they were sore and irritable against the rich, the even tenor of whose seemingly happy lives appeared to increase the anguish caused by the lottery-like nature of their own. Whether the bitter complaints made by them, of the neglect which they experienced from the prosperous-especially from the masters whose fortunes they had helped to build up-were well-founded or no, it is not for me to judge. It is enough to say, that this belief of the injustice and unkindness which they endure from their fellow-creatures, taints what might be resignation to God's will, and turns it to revenge in too many of the poor uneducated factory-workers of Manchester.

Mary Barton and Other Tales

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Mary Barton and Other Tales - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

"Mary Barton" was Gaskell's first novel to be published. It is a story of plebeian family whose head succumbs to class hatred. On the persuasion of his trade union members he retaliates by carrying out a murder. This masterpiece got instantaneous success as it appeared in the revolutionary year of 1848. The linguistic harmony and impressive imagery of the novel make this novel a must-read.

Mary Barton Illustrated

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Mary Barton Illustrated - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

Mary Barton is the first novel by English author Elizabeth Gaskell, published in 1848. The story is set in the English city of Manchester between 1839 and 1842, and deals with the difficulties faced by the Victorian working class. It is subtitled "A Tale of Manchester Life".The novel begins in Manchester, where we are introduced to the Bartons and the Wilsons, two working-class families. John Barton is a questioner of the distribution of wealth and the relations between rich and poor. Soon his wife dies-he blames it on her grief over the disappearance of her sister Esther. Having already lost his son Tom at a young age, Barton is left to raise his daughter, Mary, alone and now falls into depression and begins to involve himself in the Chartist, trade-union movement.

Mary Barton

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Mary Barton - Gaskell E.C. Summary

Mary Barton, the daughter of disillusioned trade unionist, rejects her working-class lover Jem Wilson in the hope of marrying Henry Carson, the mill owner’s son, and making a better life for herself and her father. But when Henry is shot down in the street and Jem becomes the main suspect, Mary finds herself painfully torn between the two men. Through Mary’s dilemma, and the moving portrayal of her father, the embittered and courageous activist John Barton, Mary Barton (1848) powerfully dramatizes the class divides of the ‘hungry forties’ as personal tragedy.

Ruth, by the author of 'Mary Barton'.

Ruth, by the author of 'Mary Barton'. Pdf/ePub eBook

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Ruth, by the author of 'Mary Barton'. - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

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Round the sofa, by the author of 'Mary Barton'.

Round the sofa, by the author of 'Mary Barton'. Pdf/ePub eBook

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Round the sofa, by the author of 'Mary Barton'. - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

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Ruth. A novel. By the author of “Mary Barton” Mrs. Gaskell

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Ruth. A novel. By the author of “Mary Barton” Mrs. Gaskell - N.A Summary

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Mary Barton

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Mary Barton - Henry Krasinski Summary

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Mary Barton, and other tales

Mary Barton, and other tales Pdf/ePub eBook

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Mary Barton, and other tales - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

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Mary Barton

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Mary Barton - Elizabeth Gaskell Summary

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Mary Barton

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Mary Barton - Henry Krasinski Summary

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Mary Barton Annotated Book

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Mary Barton Annotated Book - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

Mary Barton begins in the fields outside Manchester, where two families meet after enjoying a holiday. George and Jane Wilson carry their twin babies, while John Barton accompanies his heavily pregnant wife, Mary. Their 13-year-old daughter, also named Mary, plays nearby. Wilson and Barton invite their wives to sit and chat, while the two men take a walk and discuss Mary's sister, Esther, who ran away from home few nights earlier. John believes that Esther is rotten because her factory wages have given her an unhealthy amount of independence. Meanwhile, 17-year-old Jem Wilson runs by and snatches a kiss from Mary, who slaps his face. The families head to the Barton house to have tea and Mary sends her daughter for provisions and to invite Alice Wilson, George's sister, who works as a sick-nurse. Later that night, Mrs. Barton and her baby die in childbirth, possibly due to "a shock to her system" - namely, Esther's disappearance.Three years later, Mary becomes an apprentice dress-maker and John Barton involves himself heavily in the Trades' Union. A year later, Alice introduces Mary, now seventeen and very beautiful, to Margaret Jennings and her grandfather Job Legh. The girls become good friends. Mary learns that Margaret is going blind, but she has a chance to sing for a living instead of sewing, which has become increasingly difficult for her. Meanwhile, Mary attracts the attentions of a wealthy mill-owner's son, Harry Carson. Mary barely speaks to Jem even though he is in love with her. When Carson's mill burns down, George Wilson is out of work and the Wilson family must solely on Jem's income from his job as a mechanic. Soon thereafter, Wilson's twin boys become ill with fever and also die. Mary goes to the family, and when she speaks too comfortingly to Jem, he cannot resist telling her that he loves her. She recoils at his confession at such a tragic time. She returns home and dreams of becoming Mrs. Harry Carson, a wealthy lady who will lift her dear father out of poverty.

Mary Barton ... [By E. C. Gaskell.] Fourth edition

Mary Barton ... [By E. C. Gaskell.] Fourth edition Pdf/ePub eBook

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Mary Barton ... [By E. C. Gaskell.] Fourth edition - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

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Elizabeth Gaskell's Mary Barton and Ruth

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Elizabeth Gaskell's Mary Barton and Ruth - Monica Correa Fryckstedt Summary

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The Works of Mrs. Gaskell: Mary Barton

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The Works of Mrs. Gaskell: Mary Barton - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

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The Works of Elizabeth Gaskell: Mary Barton; a tale of Manchester life (1848) and William Gaskell, two lectures on the Lancashire dialect

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The Works of Elizabeth Gaskell: Mary Barton; a tale of Manchester life (1848) and William Gaskell, two lectures on the Lancashire dialect - Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell Summary

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Elizabeth Gaskell's Use of Color in Her Industrial Novels and Short Stories

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Elizabeth Gaskell's Use of Color in Her Industrial Novels and Short Stories - Katherine Ann Wildt Summary

Elizabeth Gaskell's Use of Color in Her Industrial Novels and Short Stories presents Gaskell's incorporation of Ruskin's moral theory of color to set the tone in her tales as she illustrates the dreary, monotonous existence of nineteenth century industrial workers. Wildt demonstrates the use of various shades, tints, and hues of color to set moral tone, express character feelings, and to foreshadow events as Gaskell establishes and sustains mood in her short stories, and to a greater extent, in her industrial novels. She points out the use of color for foreshadowing events, expressing character's feelings in defining character in Mary Barton, North and South, and Ruth. Focusing on Gaskell's repeated use of the storm cloud motif, Wildt notes its presence on physical and emotional levels to illustrate the bleakness of the trapped condition of working women in the mid-nineteenth century, and that it anticipates Ruskin's future use of "The Storm Cloud."

Elizabeth Gaskell

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Elizabeth Gaskell - Patsy Stoneman Summary

When Patsy Stoneman's Elizabeth Gaskell first appeared in 1987, it was welcomed as 'the first major full-length feminist study of Gaskell' (Victorian Studies). Though long out of print, it is still widely used and cited in university contexts, making it certain that this augmented edition will be equally welcome. This pioneering study, described as 'a model of feminist criticism' (The Year's Work in English Studies), reveals Gaskell as an important social analyst who deliberately challenged the Victorian disjunction between public and private ethical values, maintaining a steady resistance to aggressive authority and advocating female friendship, rational motherhood and the power of speech as forces for social change.

The Art of Alibi

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The Art of Alibi - Jonathan H. Grossman Summary

In The Art of Alibi, Jonathan Grossman reconstructs the relation of the novel to nineteenth-century law courts. During the Romantic era, courthouses and trial scenes frequently found their way into the plots of English novels. As Grossman states, "by the Victorian period, these scenes represented a powerful intersection of narrative form with a complementary and competing structure for storytelling." He argues that the courts, newly fashioned as a site in which to orchestrate voices and reconstruct stories, arose as a cultural presence influencing the shape of the English novel. Weaving examinations of novels such as William Godwin's Caleb Williams, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, and Charles Dickens's The Pickwick Papers and Oliver Twist, along with a reading of the new Royal Courts of Justice, Grossman charts the exciting changes occurring within the novel, especially crime fiction, that preceded and led to the invention of the detective mystery in the 1840s. -- John Sutherland, University College London

Elizabeth Gaskell

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Elizabeth Gaskell - Alison Chapman Summary

Alison Chapman introduces and sets in context the key debates about two novels which have provoked rich critical response. The extracts and essays included here relate to the novels' own time and to a range of 20th century critical perspectives.

The Cambridge Companion to Elizabeth Gaskell

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The Cambridge Companion to Elizabeth Gaskell - Jill L. Matus Summary

In the last few decades Elizabeth Gaskell has become a figure of growing importance in the field of Victorian literary studies. She produced work of great variety and scope in the course of a highly successful writing career that lasted for about twenty years from the mid-1840s to her unexpected death in 1865. The essays in this Companion draw on recent advances in biographical and bibliographical studies of Gaskell and cover the range of her impressive and varied output as a writer of novels, biography, short stories, and letters. The volume, which features well-known scholars in the field of Gaskell studies, focuses throughout on her narrative versatility and her literary responses to the social, cultural, and intellectual transformations of her time. This Companion will be invaluable for students and scholars of Victorian literature, and includes a chronology and guide to further reading.

Mary Barton

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Mary Barton - N.A Summary

Nineteenth Century Collections Online: European Literature, 1790-1840: The Corvey Collection includes the full-text of more than 9,500 English, French and German titles. The collection is sourced from the remarkable library of Victor Amadeus, whose Castle Corvey collection was one of the most spectacular discoveries of the late 1970s. The Corvey Collection comprises one of the most important collections of Romantic era writing in existence anywhere -- including fiction, short prose, dramatic works, poetry, and more -- with a focus on especially difficult-to-find works by lesser-known, historically neglected writers. The Corvey library was built during the last half of the 19th century by Victor and his wife Elise, both bibliophiles with varied interests. The collection thus contains everything from novels and short stories to belles lettres and more populist works, and includes many exceedingly rare works not available in any other collection from the period. These invaluable, sometimes previously unknown works are of particular interest to scholars and researchers. European Literature, 1790-1840: The Corvey Collection includes: * Novels and Gothic Novels * Short Stories * Belles-Lettres * Short Prose Forms * Dramatic Works * Poetry * Anthologies * And more Selected with the guidance of an international team of expert advisors, these primary sources are invaluable for a wide range of academic disciplines and areas of study, providing never before possible research opportunities for one of the most studied historical periods. Additional Metadata Primary Id: B0114400 PSM Id: NCCOF0063-C00000-B0114400 DVI Collection Id: NCCOC0062 Bibliographic Id: NCCO001964 Reel: 196 MCODE: 4UVC Original Publisher: Bernh. Tauchnitz Jun Original Publication Year: 1849 Subjects English fiction -- 19th century.

Victorian Publishing and Mrs. Gaskell's Work

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Victorian Publishing and Mrs. Gaskell's Work - Linda K. Hughes,Michael Lund Summary

For much of her own century, Elizabeth Gaskell was recognized as a voice of Victorian convention—-the loyal wife, good mother, and respected writer—-a reputation that led to her steady decline in the view of twentieth-century literary critics. Recent scholars, however, have begun to recognize that Mrs. Gaskell's high standing in Victorian society allowed her to effect change in conventional ideology. Linda K. Hughes and Michael Lund focus this reevaluation on issues pertaining to the Victorian literary marketplace. Victorian Publishing and Mrs. Gaskell's Work portrays an elusive and self-aware writer whose refusal to grant authority to a single perspective even while she recirculated the fundamental assumptions and debates of her era enabled her simultaneously to fulfill and deflect the expectations of the literary marketplace. While she wrote for money, producing periodical fiction, major novels, and nonfiction, Mrs. Gaskell was able to maintain a tone of warmth and empathy that allowed her to imagine multiple social and epistemological alternatives. Writing from within the established rubrics of gender, narrative, and publication format, she nevertheless performed important cultural work.

Adapting Gaskell

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Adapting Gaskell - Loredana Salis Summary

“This book offers a range of perspectives on Elizabeth Gaskell and adaptation. The contributors – Alan Shelston, Raffaella Antinucci, Thomas Recchio, Brenda McKay, Katherine Byrne, Patricia Marchesi, Marcia Marchesi and Loredana Salis – discuss the afterlives of Gaskell’s fiction, from the author as adaptor of her own work to the role of the BBC in re-inventing Gaskell’s narratives. Loredana Salis is to be congratulated for bringing together a collection that tackles the remediation of Gaskell’s fiction from Gaskell’s own time to the 21st century, enabling her to join those authors, most prominently, Shakespeare, Austen and Dickens, who have received full-length book studies on adaptations of their work. The collection, as a whole, seems to confirm the notion that since the inception of film, the number of adaptations of an author’s work equates to the writer’s canonical status. No doubt, this book will prompt many more investigations into the adaptability of Elizabeth Gaskell’s fiction.” – Deborah Cartmell, De Montfort University, Leicester

Victorian Transformations

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Victorian Transformations - Dr Bianca Tredennick Summary

Proposing the concept of transformation as a key to understanding the Victorian period, this collection explores the protean ways in which the nineteenth century conceived of, responded to, and created change. The volume focuses on literature, particularly issues related to genre, nationalism, and desire. For example, the essays suggest that changes in the novel's form correspond with shifting notions of human nature in Victor Hugo's Notre-Dame de Paris; technical forms such as the villanelle and chant royal are crucial bridges between Victorian and Modernist poetics; Victorian theater moves from privileging the text to valuing the spectacles that characterized much of Victorian staging; Carlyle's Past and Present is a rallying cry for replacing the static and fractured language of the past with a national language deep in shared meaning; Dante Gabriel Rossetti posits unachieved desire as the means of rescuing the subject from the institutional forces that threaten to close down and subsume him; and the return of Adelaide Anne Procter's fallen nun to the convent in "A Legend of Provence" can be read as signaling a more modern definition of gender and sexuality that allows for the possibility of transgressive desire within society. The collection concludes with an essay that shows neo-Victorian authors like John Fowles and A. S. Byatt contending with the Victorian preoccupations with gender and sexuality.

Literary Remains

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Literary Remains - Mary Elizabeth Hotz Summary

Explores Victorian responses to death and burial in literature, journalism, and legal writing. Literary Remains explores the unexpectedly central role of death and burial in Victorian England. As Alan Ball, creator of HBO’s Six Feet Under, quipped, “Once you put a dead body in the room, you can talk about anything.” So, too, with the Victorians: dead bodies, especially their burial and cremation, engaged the passionate attention of leading Victorians, from sanitary reformers like Edwin Chadwick to bestselling novelists like Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thomas Hardy, and Bram Stoker. Locating corpses at the center of an extensive range of concerns, including money and law, medicine and urban architecture, social planning and folklore, religion and national identity, Mary Elizabeth Hotz draws on a range of legal, administrative, journalistic, and literary writing to offer a thoughtful meditation on Victorian attitudes toward death and burial, as well as how those attitudes influenced present-day deathway practices. Literary Remains gives new meaning to the phrase that serves as its significant theme: “Taught by death what life should be.” “...Literary Remains is a fantastic literary companion and is worth reading even if you’re not initially interested in burial practices.” — M/C Reviews “…Hotz not only contextualizes her readings within a historical framework surrounding the passage of the Burial Acts, the building of large public cemeteries in the suburbs, and the late-century introduction of cremation as a widespread social practice, but offers a perceptive and compelling rhetorical analysis of the sociological, political, and theological discourse about burial.” — Victorian Studies “…the painstaking research on debates about funerary reform that Hotz brings together will be valuable for future investigations of death in Victorian culture.” — Studies in English Literature “This is an ambitious, energetic and rigorous attempt to do that very difficult thing, integrate detailed and historically informed analysis of the documents of nineteenth-century burial reform and of major literary texts into a lucid and complex argument that doesn’t fight shy of contradiction and difficulty.” — Mortality “Drawing on a vast range of primary sources—official documents, newspapers and periodicals, travel guides—and the work of anthropologists, historians, and the substantial engagements within literary studies dealing with representations of death and the dead, Hotz’s perceptive, engaging, and eloquent study will be welcomed by a range of scholars in the humanities and social sciences.” — CHOICE “I read this fascinating book with great pleasure. It makes a valuable contribution to the study of Victorian practices of death and burial and will be an essential supplement to existing studies of the culture of Victorian melancholy and bereavement.” — Joel Faflak, author of Romantic Psychoanalysis: The Burden of the Mystery

Mary Barton

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Mary Barton - Elizabeth Glaskell Summary

Glaskell was a writer with a clear vision of the class divide of her society. In this novel, she portrays the life of the working class in Victorian Manchester.

Unstable Bodies

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Unstable Bodies - Jill L. Matus,Jill L.. Matus Summary

While ideas about mutable or ambiguous sexuality provoked fear and fascination, they also served Victorian middle-class ideology by offering 'scientific' ways of constructing racial, class and national identity in terms of the body.

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