Unsolved Problems in Polymer Science - National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Macromolecular Chemistry Summary
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Annual Report of the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Technology - National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Chemistry and Chemical Technology Summary
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Experimental Methods in Polymer Science - Toyoichi Tanaka Summary
Successful characterization of polymer systems is one of the most important objectives of today's experimental research of polymers. Considering the tremendous scientific, technological, and economic importance of polymeric materials, not only for today's applications but for the industry of the 21st century, it is impossible to overestimate the usefulness of experimental techniques in this field. Since the chemical, pharmaceutical, medical, and agricultural industries, as well as many others, depend on this progress to an enormous degree, it is critical to be as efficient, precise, and cost-effective in our empirical understanding of the performance of polymer systems as possible. This presupposes our proficiency with, and understanding of, the most widely used experimental methods and techniques. This book is designed to fulfill the requirements of scientists and engineers who wish to be able to carry out experimental research in polymers using modern methods. Each chapter describes the principle of the respective method, as well as the detailed procedures of experiments with examples of actual applications. Thus, readers will be able to apply the concepts as described in the book to their own experiments. Addresses the most important practical techniques for experimental research in the growing field of polymer science The first well-documented presentation of the experimental methods in one consolidated source Covers principles, practical techniques, and actual examples Can be used as a handbook or lab manual for both students and researchers Presents ideas and methods from an international perspective Techniques addressed in this volume include: Light Scattering Neutron Scattering and X-Ray Scattering Fluorescence Spectroscopy NMR on Polymers Rheology Gel Experiments
Contemporary Topics in Polymer Science - William J. Bailey Summary
Ceremony for the Presentation of the Division of Polymer Chemistry Award to Maurice L. Muggins.- The Structures of Collagen.- Panel Discussion with Dr. Muggins.- Head to Mead Polymers.- Polycondensation Reactions in the Presence of Polymer Matrices.- Telechelic Polyethylene.- Soluble Ladder Type of Poly(silesquioxanes) Maving Functional Groups.- New Phosphorus-Containing Bisimide Resins.- Crosslinking of Gelatin by Reactive Polymers Effect of Polymer Structure on Gelation Time.- Study of Dextran-Methyl Methacrylate Graft Copolymer.- The Kinetics and Mechanisms of the Dehydrohalogenation of the.
Polymer Science and Engineering - N.A Summary
Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they play a key role in addressing environmental problems, international competitiveness, and other national issues. This book explores the universe of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness.
Lasers in Polymer Science and Technology - Jan F. Rabek,Jean-Pierre Fouassier Summary
The purpose of this 4-volume book is to examine some of the applications of lasers in polymer science and technology. Now available for the first time, up-to-date information on this fascinating subject is compiled and presented in compact form. This book focuses on current research and developments in the application of lasers in polymer and biopolymer chemistry. It includes experimental and theoretical details, apparatus, techniques, and applications. This book is a useful source for researchers, students, polymer chemists, and physicists involved in this astonishing field of high technology.
Handbook of Polymer Science and Technology - Cheremisinoff Summary
This handbook focuses on physical, structural, and compositional properties of elastomeric materials and plastics. It provides a broad overview of the physical and physicochemical properties of synthetic rubbers that are used in conventional cured applications.
Solved and Unsolved Problems of Structural Chemistry - Milan Randic,Marjana Novic,Dejan Plavsic Summary
Solved and Unsolved Problems of Structural Chemistry introduces new methods and approaches for solving problems related to molecular structure. It includes numerous subjects such as aromaticity—one of the central themes of chemistry—and topics from bioinformatics such as graphical and numerical characterization of DNA, proteins, and proteomes. It also outlines the construction of novel tools using techniques from discrete mathematics, particularly graph theory, which allowed problems to be solved that many had considered unsolvable. The book discusses a number of important problems in chemistry that have not been fully understood or fully appreciated, such as the notion of aromaticity and conjugated circuits, the generalized Hückel 4n + 2 Rule, and the nature of quantitative structure–property–activity relationships (QSARs), which have resulted in only partially solved problems and approximated solutions that are inadequate. It also describes advantages of mathematical descriptors in QSAR, including their use in screening combinatorial libraries to search for structures with high similarity to the target compounds. Selected problems that this book addresses include: Multiple regression analysis (MRA) Insufficient use of partial ordering in chemistry The role of Kekulé valence structures The problem of protein and DNA alignment Solved and Unsolved Problems of Structural Chemistry collects results that were once scattered in scientific literature into a thoughtful and compact volume. It sheds light on numerous problems in chemistry, including ones that appeared to have been solved but were actually only partially solved. Most importantly, it shows more complete solutions as well as methods and approaches that can lead to actualization of further solutions to problems in chemistry.
Organic Photovoltaics - Christoph Joseph Brabec,Vladimir Dyakonov,Jürgen Parisi,Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci Summary
The present volume describes and explains the fundamentals of organic/plastic solar cells in a manner accessible to both researchers and students. It provides an up-to-date and comprehensive account of these materials and corresponding devices, which will play a key role in future solar energy systems.
Science and Technology of Rubber - James E. Mark,Burak Erman Summary
The 3rd edition of The Science and Technology of Rubber provides a broad survey of elastomers with special emphasis on materials with a rubber-like elasticity. As in the 2nd edition, the emphasis remains on a unified treatment of the material; exploring topics from the chemical aspects such as elastomer synthesis and curing, through recent theoretical developments and characterization of equilibrium and dynamic properties, to the final applications of rubber, including tire engineering and manufacturing. Many advances have been made in polymer and elastomers research over the past ten years since the 2nd edition was published. Updated material stresses the continuous relationship between the ongoing research in synthesis, physics, structure and mechanics of rubber technology and industrial applications. Special attention is paid to recent advances in rubber-like elasticity theory and new processing techniques for elastomers. This new edition is comprised of 20% new material, including a new chapter on environmental issues and tire recycling. · Explores new applications of rubber within the tire industry, from new filler materials to “green tires (a tire that has yet to undergo curing and vulcanization). · 30% of the material has been revised from the previous edition with the addition of 20% new material, including a chapter on the environment. · A mixture of theory, experiments, and practical procedures will offer value to students, practitioners, and research & development departments in industry.
Science and Technology of Rubber - James E. Mark,Burak Erman,Frederick Roland Eirich Summary
Science and Technology of Rubber, Second Edition, provides a general survey of elastomers and an examination of rubberlike elasticity, with an emphasis on a unified treatment ranging from physical theory to final applications. Researchers in polymer science and engineering fields will find coverage of recent advances, unsolved problems and projections, and processing.
Preparation and Properties of Stereoregular Polymers - R.W. Lenz,F. Ciardelli Summary
This book contains the texts of the main lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Studies Institute on "Advances in Preparation and Properties of Stereoregular Polymers" held at Tirrenia near Pisa, Italy, from October 3 to 14, 1978. A few contributed papers have also been included because they were concerned with topics not included in the main lectures. The primary objective of the Institute was to assist in the further development of stereoregular polymers because of the ever-increasing demand for new products with exceptional chemical and physical properties. This need has reawakened interest in the field. Indeed there is now a rapidly increasing activity in the study of stereoregular polymerization and the preparation of structurally-ordered polymers with the aim of achieving apprecia ble improvements in existing polymeric materials through new developments in synthesis and properties as well as in discovering new polymeric structures. In order to achieve these objectives, a broad interdiscipli nary cooperation among scientists involved in investigations on the design, synthesis, characterization and application of stereo regular or structurally-ordered polymers will be necessary.
Science and Technology of Rubber - Frederick R. Eirich Summary
Science and Technology of Rubber covers the most important aspects of rubber science and technology, from synthesis and structure to elasticity and flow, blending, filling, and cross-linking. Polymerization and copolymerization, the rheological behavior of unvulcanized rubber, vulcanization, reinforcement of elastomers by particulate fillers, and the chemical modification of polymers are also discussed. This book is comprised of 14 chapters; the first ten of which take the reader from an introduction through synthesis characterization, mechanical behavior, and flow to the major processing steps of filling, compounding, and vulcanization and to the theories and measurement of elastomeric performance, leaning strongly on the ""materials"" approach. The next three chapters deal with blended, modified, and thermoplastic elastomers, touching on topics such as polymer esterification, etherification, hydrolysis, and hydrogenation as well as the influence of blending on the properties of elastomer/plastic blends, especially impact strength and crack resistance. The book concludes with a chapter on tire manufacture and engineering, with emphasis on the geometric, structural, and chemical aspects of tire. This book will be of vital interest to students, practitioners, and research and development managers, as well as to anyone interested in the unusual chemistry and physics and the outstanding properties and usefulness of elastomers.
Metal Catalysts in Olefin Polymerization - Zhibin Guan Summary
Polyolefin is a major industry that is important for our economy and impacts every aspect of our lives. The discovery of new transition metal-based catalysts is one of the driving forces for the further advancement of this field. Whereas the classical heterogeneous Ziegler-Natta catalysts and homogeneous early transition metal metallocene catalysts remain the workhorses of the polyolefin industry, in roughly the last decade, tremendous progress has been made in developing non-metallocene-based olefin polymerization catalysts. Particularly, the discovery of late transition metal-based olefin polymerization catalysts heralds a new era for this field. These late transition metal complexes not only exhibit high activities rivaling their early metal counterparts, but more importantly they offer unique properties for polymer architectural control and copolymerization with polar olefins. In this book, the most recent major breakthroughs in the development of new olefin polymerization catalysts, including early metal metallocene and non-metallocene complexes and late transition metal complexes, are discussed by leading experts. The authors highlight the most important discoveries in catalysts and their applications in designing new polyolefin-based functional materials.
Unsolved Problems of Noise and Fluctuations - Sergey M. Bezrukov Summary
All papers in this proceedings volume were peer reviewed. The purview of this third conference was shifted toward biology and medicine. Among the topics covered were: the constructive role of noise in the central nervous system, neuronal networks, and sensory transduction (hearing in humans, photo- and electroreception in marine animals), encoding of information into nerve pulse trains, single molecules and noise (including single molecule detection and characterization by nanopores - molecular "Coulter counting"), concepts of noise in neurophysiology (randomness and order in brain and heart electrical activities under normal conditions and in pathology), the role of noise in genetic regulation and gene expression, biosensors, etc.